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Open Access Article

Modern Social Science Research. 2023; 3: (1) ; 31-36 ; DOI: 10.12208/j.ssr.20230006.

On the Plaintiff Qualification of Environmental Civil Public Interest Litigation
论环境民事公益诉讼原告资格

作者: 冯旭 *

浙江工商大学法学院 浙江杭州

*通讯作者: 冯旭,单位:浙江工商大学法学院 浙江杭州;

发布时间: 2023-03-22 总浏览量: 426

摘要

环境民事公益诉讼制度的建立是我国迈向生态文明强国的重要一步,对实现生态环境根本好转的阶段性目标起着至关重要的作用。但是在实际运行过程中,现有立法对原告资格的规定过于笼统,导致其难以发挥应有的功能。例如检察机关的多重身份问题,行政机关的不作为和难作为问题,环保组织的资格限定过高以及自然人的诉权问题等。因此本文针对性地提出一些解决措施,例如检察机关分设公益诉讼部门、扩大起诉主体范围、调整起诉主体顺位以及建立预防滥诉惩戒机制等。

关键词: 环境公益;民事公益诉讼;原告资格;顺位调整

Abstract

The establishment of the environmental civil public interest litigation system is an important step towards the establishment of a strong ecological civilization in China, and plays a crucial role in achieving the milestone of fundamental improvement of the ecological environment. However, in the actual operation, the existing legislation is too general in terms of the plaintiff's qualification, which makes it difficult for it to perform its proper function. For example, the multiple identities of the procuratorial organs, the inaction and difficulty of administrative organs, the qualification of environmental protection organizations is too high and the right of natural persons to sue. Therefore, this paper proposes some solutions, such as setting up a separate department for public interest litigation, expanding the scope of prosecution subjects, adjusting the subordination of prosecution subjects, and establishing a disciplinary mechanism to prevent abusive litigation.

Key words: Environmental public interest; civil public interest litigation; plaintiff qualification; sequence adjustment

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引用本文

冯旭, 论环境民事公益诉讼原告资格[J]. 现代社会科学研究, 2023; 3: (1) : 31-36.