期刊目次

加入编委

期刊订阅

添加您的邮件地址以接收即将发行期刊数据:

Open Access Article

Modern Social Science Research. 2023; 3: (2) ; 86-105 ; DOI: 10.12208/j.ssr.20230015.

A survey and study on the implementation of school mental health education among primary and secondary school teachers in the Sichuan Chongqing region
川渝地区中小学教师关于学校心理健康教育实施情况的调查研究

作者: 洪显利 *, 刘冬霞

重庆师范大学教育科学学院应用心理学重点实验室 重庆

*通讯作者: 洪显利,单位:重庆师范大学教育科学学院应用心理学重点实验室 重庆;

发布时间: 2023-12-04 总浏览量: 396

摘要

本研究旨在调查川渝地区中小学心理健康教育的现状,发现问题以提出对策,以进一步充实心理健康教育本土化的研究、并为相关教育管理部门及学校开展心育工作提供相关依据与参考。我们选择自编心理健康教育现状问卷(教师版)作为调查工具,对454名中小学教师进行问卷调查,并通过SPSS.19.0进行数据分析;以及我们利用自编心理健康教育现状访谈提纲作为访谈工具,对20名中小学教师进行访谈,并进行质性分析。得出以下结论:川渝地区中小学心理健康教育实施情况较好。川渝地区中小学教师对心理健康教育实施情况在性别、学校性质、学段、来源地、学校所在地上存在差异,得出多数中小学教师对学校实施心理健康教育评价较好;女教师比男教师更了解学校开展心理健康教育的情况;教龄为“3年及以下”和“4-9年”的比“10年及以上”的教师更了解心理健康教育;学历为“硕士及以上”的比“本科”和“专科”的教师更了解心理健康教育;城市学校的教师比区县和乡镇学校的教师对心理健康教育更了解;高中和小学教师比初中教师更了解心理健康教育;心理专业性越高的教师越了解心理健康教育;部分学生接受心理健康教育的积极性不足;多数心理健康教师心理课使用的教材难以确定;部分教师对心理健康教育不了解;部分中小学校对心理健康教师资源的使用不当;部分中小学校心理健康教育的开展流于形式;部分中小学校心理课覆盖不彻底且内容欠缺实用性;小学和初中的学校心理健康教育开展力度不够;乡镇、区县学校的心理健康教育水平落后于城市学校。

关键词: 川渝地区;中小学教师;心理健康教育;调查研究

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the current situation of mental health education in primary and secondary schools in the Sichuan Chongqing region, identify problems and propose countermeasures, in order to further enrich the research on the localization of mental health education, and provide relevant basis and reference for relevant education management departments and schools to carry out mental education work. We chose the self-designed questionnaire on the current status of mental health education (teacher version) as the survey tool to conduct a questionnaire survey on 454 primary and secondary school teachers, and conducted data analysis using SPSS. 19.0; And we used our self-designed interview outline on the current status of mental health education as an interview tool to interview 20 primary and secondary school teachers and conduct qualitative analysis. The conclusion is that the implementation of mental health education in primary and secondary schools in the Sichuan Chongqing region is relatively good. There are differences in the implementation of mental health education among primary and secondary school teachers in the Sichuan Chongqing region in terms of gender, school nature, school stage, place of origin, and school location. It is concluded that most primary and secondary school teachers have a good evaluation of the implementation of mental health education in schools; Female teachers are more aware of the implementation of mental health education in schools than male teachers; Teachers with teaching experience of "3 years and below" and "4-9 years" have a better understanding of mental health education than teachers with teaching experience of "10 years and above"; Teachers with a master's degree or above have a better understanding of mental health education than those with a bachelor's degree or a junior college degree; Teachers in urban schools have a better understanding of mental health education than those in district, county, and township schools; High school and primary school teachers have a better understanding of mental health education than middle school teachers; Teachers with higher levels of psychological professionalism have a better understanding of mental health education; Some students lack enthusiasm for receiving mental health education; The textbooks used by most mental health teachers in psychological classes are difficult to determine; Some teachers are not familiar with mental health education; Inappropriate use of mental health teacher resources in some primary and secondary schools; The development of mental health education in some primary and secondary schools is just a formality; Some primary and secondary schools have incomplete coverage of psychological courses and lack practical content; The implementation of mental health education in primary and secondary schools is insufficient; The level of mental health education in township and district schools lags behind that in urban schools.

Key words: Sichuan Chongqing region; Primary and secondary school teachers; Psychological health education; Investigation and research

参考文献 References

[1] 中小学心理健康教育指导纲要(2012年修订) [J].中小学心理健康教育,2013,No.216(01):4-6.

[2] 梁超,常若松.我国中小学心理健康教育面临的问题与改进策略[J].教育科学,2020,36(03):46-51.

[3] 单小燕.中小学心理健康教育的现状、问题及对策[J].知识文库,2019,No.457(09):37+41.

[4] 王立新,瞿雪峰.川西南地区中小学教师对心理健康认识的调查研究[J].湖北民族学院学报(哲学社会科学版),2008,(01):70-74.

[5] 雷蒙.小学心理健康教育现状及其对策研究[D].华中师范大学,2021(08).

[6] 丁娟.小学生挫折教育现状及对策研究[D].聊城大学,2018(10).

[7] 万孟婷.南昌市中学教师心理健康教育观调查研究[D].南昌大学,2017(02).

[8] 邓林园,梁洁姗,李蓓蕾,王工斌.中小学心理健康教育现状:心理教师与学校管理者的不同视角[J].教师教育研究,2018,30(04):58-64.

[9] 马月萍.新冠疫情下小学生心理健康教育与学科渗透策略探索[J].科学咨询(教育科研),2021,No.728(02):160-161.

[10] 裴娜.中小学心理健康教育典型问题研究[J].教学与管理,2018,No.724(03):22-24.

[11] 宋庆华,刘衍玲.1999-2021年中小学心理健康教育的发展特点、问题及展望[J].中小学心理健康教育,2022,No.506(15):9-12.

[12] 史彩娥.河南省中小学心理健康教育现状、问题和展望[J].河南教育(教师教育),2022,No.539(02):10-11.

[13] 常志娟,安雪玲.关于心理健康教育需求和态度的调查报告——以石家庄职业技术学院为例[J].石家庄职业技术学院学报,2012,24(03):68-70.

引用本文

洪显利, 刘冬霞, 川渝地区中小学教师关于学校心理健康教育实施情况的调查研究[J]. 现代社会科学研究, 2023; 3: (2) : 86-105.